Email Gateways Bypassed:
By Amy Griffiths, Cofense Phishing Defense Center
The Cofense Phishing Defense Center (PDC) has analyzed a phishing campaign that is aimed to harvest an employee’s Microsoft credentials via a malicious HTML attachment. The attached file includes spliced code when it’s executed, it scrapes for the employee’s credentials.
Figure 1: Email Body
As seen in Figure 1, the subject of the email “Reminder for…” gives the employee a sense of urgency, something they may have missed or overlooked previously. Perhaps not so urgent, but does have an interesting object within the body, an attached HTML file named “Secureproofpoint[.]html[.]”
The attachment name could refer to the trusted vendor Proofpoint Secure Share a cloud-based solution that enables enterprise users to exchange large files in a secure and compliant manner to enterprise policies.
Figure 2: Malicious code
Figure 3: Pick an Account
Once the completed URL is executed in the browser the user is presented with the page seen in Figure 3. This gives the user a false sense of security by masquerading as a trusted brand, Microsoft. It fools the user into thinking they can pick the account; however, we know from analyzing the code the user’s details are already set as a variable.
Figure 4: Phishing Page
Once the employee clicks on their user account, they are then presented with the phishing page seen in Figure 4, where they are prompted to enter their credentials which are finally scraped by the threat actors.
|PM_Intel_CredPhish_283847||Cofense Triage YARA Rule|
|216[.]172[.]172[.]168||IP Address for shared hosting node|
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