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Phishing Attack Targets Microsoft Users Via HTML Attachment

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Email Gateways Bypassed: Microsoft

By Amy Griffiths, Cofense Phishing Defense Center

The Cofense Phishing Defense Center (PDC) has analyzed a phishing campaign that is aimed to harvest an employee’s Microsoft credentials via a malicious HTML attachment. The attached file includes spliced code when it’s executed, it scrapes for the employee’s credentials.

Illustration of phishing email with dangerous attachmentFigure 1: Email Body

As seen in Figure 1, the subject of the email “Reminder for…” gives the employee a sense of urgency, something they may have missed or overlooked previously. Perhaps not so urgent, but does have an interesting object within the body, an attached HTML file named “Secureproofpoint[.]html[.]”

The attachment name could refer to the trusted vendor Proofpoint Secure Share a cloud-based solution that enables enterprise users to exchange large files in a secure and compliant manner to enterprise policies.

Graphical representation of phishing email analysisFigure 2: Malicious code

The several lines of code seen in Figure 2 can be found within the HTML file and are used to run JavaScript code to decode strings and a malicious URL. To summarize the code, the ‘encdStr’ string is the encoded subdomain ‘primeaco[.]com[.]br’ which is followed by the targeted users email address that is stored as the string named ’emma’. The function ‘atob(encdStr)’ is followed by a linked set of variables that sets the URL to “hxxp://SILENTCODERSLIMAHURUF[.]primeaco[.]com[.]br/<recipient name or identifiable information>”. Finally, the last line of code calls the function ‘window[.]location[.]href’. This function returns a string containing the whole URL and allows the hyperlink reference to be updated. At this point, the browser is updated from the HTML file to the malicious URL.

Screenshot of phishing email with malicious linkFigure 3: Pick an Account

Once the completed URL is executed in the browser the user is presented with the page seen in Figure 3. This gives the user a false sense of security by masquerading as a trusted brand, Microsoft. It fools the user into thinking they can pick the account; however, we know from analyzing the code the user’s details are already set as a variable.

Screenshot of phishing email with suspicious attachmentFigure 4: Phishing Page

Once the employee clicks on their user account, they are then presented with the phishing page seen in Figure 4, where they are prompted to enter their credentials which are finally scraped by the threat actors.

PM_Intel_CredPhish_283847Cofense Triage YARA Rule
hxxp://silentcoderslimahuruf[.]primeaco[.]com[.]br/Phishing URL
216[.]172[.]172[.]168IP Address for shared hosting node

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