Threat Actors Use Bogus Payment HTML File to Scoot Past Proofpoint Gateway
By Tej Tulachan
The Cofense Phishing Defense CenterTM (PDC) has prevented a phishing attack that attempts to steal users’ Office365 credentials by luring them with a fake payment order attachment. Hiding a malicious re-direct within a html file, threat actors bypassed the Proofpoint secure email gateway to try and steal users’ credentials.
Here’s how it works:
At first glance, the email appears to be a genuine communication originating from the accounts team of a relatively well-known company. The message body informs the recipient there is a payment order that requires processing. The message simply says, “Please find attached copies of our P.O#9000, dated 05/11/2019,” with the attachment to the email as a html file labelled “P.O#9000.” The email doesn’t specifically ask the user to open the attachment, however it does instruct the user to acknowledge receipt of the email. Any vigilant accountant would be inclined to check the contents of the bill as part of their workflow or processing procedures.
If we take a deeper look into the source code of the html file, we can see that it only contains three lines of html code. The code takes advantage of the http-equiv attribute, used to trigger a page refresh of the user’s web browser and then load new content, which in this case is a URL to a phishing page. This happens almost instantly when the user opens the attachment.
Fig 2: Malicious URL
Once the attachment is opened the user is redirected to the phishing page as seen below in fig.3. The malicious page attempts to disguise itself as a genuine Microsoft Online Excel document, which most users would expect to see if they are editing documents on SharePoint. In the background we can see a blurred-out Excel spreadsheet with an authentication box obscuring the file contents. The user’s email address is auto populated in the dialog box, which asks the user to authenticate with his or her password.
Fig 3: Phishing Page
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