By Kian Mahdavi, Cofense Phishing Defense Center
While it’s true that most enterprise-directed phishing is credential phishing, that doesn’t mean attackers have completely abandoned attachments. The days of malware-laden attachments are dwindling. You’re not going to find dangerous embedded macro or .VBS in 2020 at the same frequency observed in 2016. Attackers are using attachments, more now than ever, to deliver embedded URLs. Why? Because secure email gateway (SEG) vendors have emphasized auto-scanning and wrapping URLs in the body of emails.
During the last few weeks, the Cofense Phishing Defense Center (PDC) has observed a significant uptick in credphish URLs stuffed in attachments successfully bypassing several commercial SEGs. The attachment types are varied, but many are commonly used in normal business communications – .DOC .HTML, .HTM, .XLSX, .PDF, etc. Check out our REAL phishing threats samples here for a complete list.
If you think stuffing credphish URLs in attachments to sidestep automated URL scanning is a no-brainer for attackers, we agree. You’d be surprised at the number of SOAR vendors demoing automated-phishing-analysis playbooks that fail due to this simple attacker adaptation. This phenomenon isn’t going to slow down.
Here’s a common example of a campaign reported to the PDC by a vigilant user:
Figure 1: Email Body
There has been a recent rash – 500 variants – of this campaign reported from our users via the Cofense Reporter Button. The campaign originated from an assumed compromised account from a legitimate business. Originating from a legitimate business surely added to a sense of legitimacy. Luckily, the recipient asked themselves: “Am I expecting to receive a document from this sender?”
Upon opening the attached .XLSX document, Microsoft Excel loads, prompting the user to click an embedded image using “trusted” brands to spruce up the legitimacy of the ruse. Once clicked, the attack redirects to the phishing landing page requesting the user’s credentials.
Figure 2 – The underlying “Open” link doesn’t take the victim to OneDrive
Once credentials have been supplied, the phishing website redirects the user to the authentic “office[.]com” to make the victim feel like the whole experience was legit.
Figure 3 – Phishing landing page
Figure 4 – Redirect to authentic office[.]com webpage
Figure 5 below displays the HTML source code with POST command when a user types in their credentials and attempts to login. In fact, their personal data gets forwarded to the attacker via a pre-configured PHP script.
Figure 5 – POST command forwards users’ credentials to the above URL
Slipping credential phish URLs into innocuous attachments is going to frustrate SEGs for years to come because of the endless file formats that support HTML, compounded by all the clever ways attackers can obfuscate those URLs from automated analysis. Cofense customers avoided a disaster because of their commitment to upgrading their wetware.
Indicators of Compromise:
|hxxps://noshgosh[.]com/9833636833/mau [.]html||192[.]185 [.] 181 [.] 28|
|hxxps://runyourrideonwater[.]com/a1/shareaumine/login[.]php||192 [.] 185 [.] 148 [.]151|
|File name:||Copy of mstglobal.xlsx|
|File Size:||36.2 KB|
Want to know the breakdown of phishing attacks by type? Make sure you look out for our annual report.
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