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Healthcare’s Getting Smacked by Phishing. These Resources Can Help.

September 13, 2019 by Cofense in Phishing

This summer, phishing attacks continued to hammer healthcare. Florida: Compromised email accounts, at last count 73, were used to send a phish which led to a breach at NCH Healthcare.1 Ohio: Eye Care Associates was hit with ransomware. The regional eye care provider’s systems were locked for several weeks. 2 New York: In the biggest healthcare breach so far in 2019, American Medical Collection Agency was breached to the tune of 25 million patient records. While phishing hasn’t been positively identified as the culprit, it’s high on the suspect list.3 Need Phishing Defense Resources? Start Here. To help healthcare companies...

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Astaroth Uses Facebook and YouTube within Infection Chain

September 11, 2019 by Aaron Riley in Threat Intelligence

  All third-party trademarks referenced by Cofense whether in logo form, name form or product form, or otherwise, remain the property of their respective holders, and use of these trademarks in no way indicates any relationship between Cofense and the holders of the trademarks. Any observations contained in this blog regarding circumvention of end point protections are based on observations at a point in time based on a specific set of system configurations. Subsequent updates or different configurations may be effective at stopping these or similar threats.

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Is It Time to Rethink Your Phishing Awareness Program?

September 6, 2019 by Zach Lewis in Internet Security Awareness

Part 1 of 2 As seen in Cofense’sTM 2019 Phishing Threat & Malware Review, threat actors innovate relentlessly. Technologies like secure email gateways (SEGs) can’t keep up. In fact, the vast majority of phishing emails verified by the Cofense Phishing Defense CenterTM are found in environments using SEGs. With so many malicious emails making it past security controls, the human factor becomes decisive. This means your phishing awareness program needs to stay in fighting trim. In particular, it’s important to educate users on attacks that breach your perimeter, working with your SOC to focus on the most frequent threats. If...

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Advanced Phishing Campaign Delivers Quasar RAT

August 26, 2019 by Max Gannon in Threat Intelligence

Cofense IntelligenceTM has uncovered an advanced campaign that uses multiple anti-analysis methods to deliver Quasar Remote Access Tool (RAT). A phishing email poses as a job seeker and uses the unsophisticated ploy of an attached resume to deliver the malware. Quasar RAT is freely available as an open-source tool on public repositories and provides a number of capabilities. Organizations find a higher degree of difficulty with the ‘.doc’ file attachment distributing Quasar RAT itself, because the document employs a multitude of measures to deter detection. Such methods include password protection—which is a built-in feature of Microsoft Word—and encoded macros. Along...

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Why Join Us at Cofense Submerge? Here’s What Attendees Say

August 20, 2019 by Tonia Dudley in Internet Security Awareness

Next month in Orlando we’ll be hosting CofenseTM Submerge 2019, our fourth annual user conference and phishing defense summit. As we wrap up each event, we ask attendees for feedback. What did they like best? Networking and hearing other customers’ experiences are always the top responses. As a former customer who now works at Cofense, I totally agree.    Here are some of the answers we heard last year when we asked, “Why attend Submerge?”  “Sharing ideas was tremendously helpful to me—having the opportunity to meet other people from a variety of industries doing the same thing that I do.”  We’re all on this journey...

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Remote Access Trojan Uses Sendgrid to Slip through Proofpoint

August 14, 2019 by Marcel Feller in Phishing Defense CenterProofpointSEG Misses

The CofenseTM Phishing Defense CenterTM observed a malware campaign masquerading as an email complaint from the Better Business Bureau to deliver the notorious Orcus RAT, part of the free DNS domain ChickenKiller which we blogged about in 2015. Here’s how it works:

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Lime RAT: Why It Caught Our Eye and How this Versatile Malware Works

March 6, 2019 by Aaron Riley in Threat Intelligence

CISO Summary Cofense IntelligenceTM has spotted a phishing campaign using the Lime remote administration tool (RAT), whose versatility makes it an especially dangerous malware type. Lime RAT is a mash-up of ransomware, cryptominer, stealer, worm, and keylogger. When skillfully deployed, it can filch a wide range of information, encrypt computers for ransom, or transform the target host into a bot. Lime RAT appeals to novice and seasoned threat actors alike, thanks to its anti-virus evasion techniques, anti-virtual machine features, small footprint, and encrypted communications. Threat analysts will want to read the full analysis below. Security awareness managers will want to...

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Finding the Whole Phishing Attack: Problems and Solution

March 5, 2019 by David Mount in Cyber Incident Response

Mitigating a phishing attack is a little like zapping termites. If you don’t eliminate the whole problem, trouble continues to breed. To help, CofenseTM has announced the general availability of Cofense VisionTM. We knew that existing email search and quarantine tools weren’t fast enough, making it hard for the SOC to find and remove every phish. Integrated with the latest release of Cofense TriageTM, Cofense Vision lets incident responders see the entire phishing attack, including emails not reported by users. With a single click, the SOC can quarantine every bad email and stop the attack in its tracks. Cofense Vision...

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A Closer Look at Why the QakBot Malware Is So Dangerous

February 22, 2019 by Max Gannon in Threat Intelligence

CISO Summary Cofense Intelligence ™ recently reported a phishing campaign distributing the QakBot malware. QakBot infestation is a significant threat, so be sure to share today’s follow-up post with your SOC analysts. We’ll drill down into the novel techniques QakBot uses to stymie detection and manual analysis. This sophisticated banking trojan, which Cofense™ has seen distributed via the Geodo/Emotet botnet, uses multiple tools to cover its tracks and steal credentials. The threat actors who have developed it are creative and aggressive.

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With Upgrades in Delivery and Support Infrastructure, Revenge RAT Malware is a Bigger Threat

February 11, 2019 by Max Gannon in Threat Intelligence

CISO Summary The Revenge RAT malware is getting stealthier, thanks to unusually advanced delivery techniques and support infrastructure. Cofense IntelligenceTM has recently seen this basic and widely available Remote Access Trojan benefit from these upgrades, which help it to access webcams, microphones, and other utilities as Revenge RAT does recon and tries to gain a foothold in targeted computers. When they succeed, RATs enable threat actors to wreak havoc, including monitoring user behavior through keyloggers or other spyware, filching personal information, and distributing other malware.

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Emo..Qak? Geodo/Emotet Botnet Delivers Qakbot Malware as First-Stage Payload

February 4, 2019 by Cofense in Threat Intelligence

By Max Gannon, Mollie MacDougall, Darrel Rendell, and Aaron Riley CISO Summary In the past few days, CofenseTM has detected double trouble from the Geodo/Emotet malware. Not only have we seen Geodo botnets directly delivering non-Geodo malware via phishing campaigns, we’ve also observed Geodo campaigns use more precise targeting.

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The Malware Holiday Ends—Welcome Back Geodo and Chanitor

January 29, 2019 by Cofense in Threat Intelligence

CISO Summary Even cybercriminals knock off for the holidays. Then in January, it’s back to work. We all have bills to pay. This past holiday season, including the Russian Orthodox Christmas which fell on January 7, threat actors cooled their heels and malware campaigns dipped. But with the holidays over, threat actors are back in action. Chanitor malware campaigns are spiking, at even higher levels than a year ago, and Geodo/Emotet campaigns have been surging too.

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Introducing the Cofense Triage Certification Program

January 23, 2019 by Cofense in Cyber Incident Response

By Kiarra Grant Want to be a certified expert in phishing response? Now you can. Introducing the Cofense Triage TM Operators Certification. It’s our second industry-specific certification program, complementing our program for operators of Cofense PhishMeTM. The new program is focused on Cofense Triage, the first and only phishing-specific incident response platform. Become an expert in Cofense Triage while taking your phishing defense program to the next level. The Cofense Triage Certification program provides: Validation and certification of skills in the operation of Cofense Triage Training in running a successful phishing response program The ability to augment Cofense solution expertise...

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Jigsaw Ransomware Returns With Extortion Scam Ploys

January 23, 2019 by Cofense in Phishing Defense Center

By Lucas Ashbaugh Want to play a game? Jigsaw ransomware does, and it’s going to run you $400… or you could just download the free decrypter online. Jigsaw, featuring Billy The Puppet from Saw, was first released in 2016. It not only encrypts the victim’s files but deletes them at a continuously increasing rate until a payment in bitcoin can be confirmed against the bitcoin blockchain. Now, Jigsaw has been observed again, this time delivered through scam tactics. The Delivery Each email starts off with a ploy about how the threat actor somehow compromised the victim’s financial accounts. After shocking and...

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The Kutaki Malware Bypasses Gateways to Steal Users’ Credentials

January 21, 2019 by Cofense in Threat Intelligence

CISO Summary It’s a case of hiding in plain sight. CofenseTM recently found a phishing campaign that hides the Kutaki malware in a legitimate application to bypass email gateways and harvest users’ credentials.

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Phishing Campaigns are Manipulating the Windows Control Panel Extension to Deliver Banking Trojans

January 17, 2019 by Cofense in Threat Intelligence

By Aaron Riley and Marcel Feller CISO Summary Recently, CofenseTM has seen phishing campaigns that bypass email security using a .cpl file extension attachment. .CPL is the file name extension for items or icons appearing in the Windows Control Panel. These file extensions are vital for most Control Panel tools to function, making endpoint threat mitigation extremely difficult. After evading controls and successfully executing on the endpoint, the .cpl file downloads a second-stage payload, which is typically a banking trojan. According to Cofense IntelligenceTM, most of these phishing campaigns are aimed at South American inboxes. As part of security awareness training...

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Threat Actors Subscribe To Patches

July 29, 2019 by Max Gannon in PhishingThreat Intelligence

Cofense IntelligenceTM has analyzed a relatively new malware known as Alpha Keylogger, which appears to be part of a growing trend among threat actors to use subscription-based malware that doesn’t deliver on its original promises. Part of the reason behind this trend is that threat actors are more frequently releasing malware builders that are incomplete and still under development, then charging users a subscription fee to have the builder updated with a “patch.” This practice has become increasingly common with enterprise software as well as video games, so it is not surprising to see the trend in the criminal underworld....

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Cofense Vision UI: Quarantine Phish Faster, Without Disrupting the Mail Team

July 25, 2019 by Cofense in Cyber Incident ResponsePhishing

By Karen Kokiko The holy grail of phishing defense is now within your grasp. Cofense VisionTM now comes with a user interface that lets you quarantine phishing emails with a single click—without disrupting the mail team and slowing down your response. Let’s stop and let that sink in. You can quarantine phish right from your desktop, without asking the busy mail team to stop and perform a search. There’s no more waiting while an active phish does the backstroke in your inboxes. Faster, more precise phishing response is here. Fast and Flexible Searching Traditional email search and quarantine tools are...

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This Phishing Attacker Takes American Express—and Victims’ Credentials

July 16, 2019 by Milo Salvia in Internet Security AwarenessMicrosoft 365 ATPPhishing Defense Center

Recently, the CofenseTM Phishing Defense CenterTM observed a phishing attack against American Express customers, both merchant and corporate card holders. Seeking to harvest account credentials, the phishing emails use a relatively new exploit to bypass conventional email gateway URL filtering services.

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John Podesta’s Phish Foreshadows Doom for 2020

June 13, 2019 by Aaron Higbee in Phishing

If you haven’t read the Mueller Report, spoiler alert: the phish that netted the Clinton campaign was not sophisticated. As you may know, neither was the campaign’s phishing defense (understatement). All of which spells probable doom for the 2020 presidential candidates, despite the news that campaigns have looked at offers, some free, from cyber-security firms.

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SMBs: 5 Ways to Avoid Becoming a Small Phish in a Big Pond

May 6, 2019 by Tonia Dudley in Phishing

In the fall of 2016, I watched a good friend get her business ready for opening in her first retail space. She had previously run everything from her home and now she was entering a whole new phase. I observed her interactions during a few visits and she knew when I gave her that “look,” there was something that needed improving. “What Wi-Fi network do you have your register assigned to in the shared retail space? You should put a password on that register device you’re using, so when you’re across the store someone can’t open your register.” The best...

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Hey! I know I’ve never talked to you before – but can you send some money – QUICK!

April 22, 2019 by Tonia Dudley in Phishing

Business Email Compromise (BEC), also known as CEO Fraud, is a type of phishing email designed to impersonate an executive. In a BEC campaign, the “executive” urgently instructs an employee to wire money, sometimes lots of money, to a bank account. The FBI reports that BEC scams hit businesses to the tune of $12.5 billion annually. What makes BEC campaigns different? In a BEC attack, the weapon of choice is simple words. Instead of tricking people into clicking a malicious link or attachment, a BEC attack tries to lure recipients into taking action. The threat actor will spend time researching...

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When You Unsubscribe to these Emails, You ‘Subscribe’ to the Loda RAT

April 11, 2019 by Max Gannon in Phishing

CISO Summary It’s critical that anti-phishing programs reflect the latest threats. Cofense IntelligenceTM has recently observed a phishing campaign that illustrates why. It entices users to download a malicious document from a seemingly legitimate source, an insurance company whose roots go back to 1896. Through a complex chain of abuse, including the exploitation of a legit subdomain hosted by Microsoft, this threat is capable of tricking users unfamiliar with wrinkles like multiple links to the same source and malicious “unsubscribe” links. If successful, the attack activates the Loda Remote Access Trojan, underscoring the importance of educating users to stop phishing...

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DMARC Is NOT a Fail-Safe Defense against Phishing Attacks

April 4, 2019 by David Mount in Phishing

DMARC, or Domain-based Authentication Reporting & Conformance, is an email authentication, policy and reporting protocol. It was conceived to prevent impersonation-based phishing attacks, but it doesn’t protect you 100%. Let’s examine why. What DMARC Can Do DMARC builds on the existing and widely deployed SPF and DKIM protocols. All mechanisms to protect the email infrastructure we so heavily rely upon should be gratefully received, but as with everything the benefits and limitations should be fully understood. It is this understanding that allows us to optimize our defenses against the perpetual menace of phishing attacks. DMARC has most promise to help...

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